Previously, when one thinks of software projects, we think of a multi-stage process that is very complex and often takes several months or even several years until its fully running. Now, everything is different. The agile scrum process is changing everything. This tutorial will take you through the ins and outs of agile scrum process. For more tech tutorials, please refer to Pangara’s technical blog.
1. What is an Agile Scrum Process?Agile technology is a software development process that can be followed by the Agile model. Many software teams of large IT companies in Vietnam are currently testing this process. Agile scrum process divides a project into a development software loop called a “sprint.” Each sprint usually takes two to four weeks to complete. This is the ideal time it takes for any project with multiple changes and high-speed requirements. A sprint completes an array of functions and purposes for the entire system. All tasks are divided into categories and then the team will work on developing software and organise it in order to achieve the original purpose in the set time period.
Scrum Requires Many Roles:+ Product Owner: They provide requirements and identify the list of product features with priority. Product owners analyse the purpose of the project and identify a to-do list for each sprint. + Scrum Master: These are the leaders of the team. Scrum Masters ensure that all sprints are finished on time with immediate results. As a team leader, they pave the way for the team and diminish any threats or obstacles that might delay the completion date. + Developer: Setting up an agile scrum process typically requires 5 to 9 developers depending on the size of the project. There is no need for a programmer, designer or tester that is often required in traditional software projects. Development software teams will create features that can be easily ticked off the to-do list. They organise and manage the workload in order to reach a common goal. All members have equal influence on the success or failures of the entire system, big and small.
2. Agile Scrum Process With Waterfall & Spiral ProcessesWith traditional processes, project planning is based on experience rather than the current working environment. Ironically enough, this also applies to freelancers seeking opportunities in the tech industry. Waterfall processes divide software projects into phases: requirement specifications, system design, installation (programming), testing and maintenance. This process is easy to manage but it is not as flexible and as efficient. This is because any changes in the latter stages will significantly impact any oncoming stages. Spiral processes divide the project into phases: planning, risk analysis, customer communication, evaluation, production, and distribution. Currently, this process is not being used widely. The traditional agile technology software processes often have multiple stages, including a variety of different components and elements during product development. The scrum method typically avoids these disadvantages.
3. How to Use the Scrum MethodThere are many ways to implement the agile scrum process. These 10 steps take you through the basics.
- Step 1: Firstly, collect the characteristics of the product backlog in order. This is the most important step. Establish a working team that you can split into sub-teams if necessary. Next, discuss and identify the next steps to take. It helps to appoint a person for the position of Product Owner who has the ability to communicate, fulfill the role and prioritise each task. After that, the team can propose a Scrum Master position and discuss the details of each request and prioritise them.
- Step 2: Estimate the requirements of each output and divide them into the number of the product backlog list. The amount will not be exact. They will add them later. Next, estimate the details of each backlog and the number of team members.
- Step 3: Plan to develop the loop sprint. It is important to discuss this plan with all team members. Determine the amount of time for each sprint (typically 30 days). In the scrum method, it’s important to determine the goal of each sprint and clearly, identify and analyse the requirements of each sprint.
- Step 4: Plan for the development software of each sprint task. Everyone determines the budget of each sprint. Then, divide the feature characteristics into smaller tasks. Estimate the time for each task (by hours), identify the most important task and complete the requirements.
- Step 5: Create a collaborative working space for everyone. In an agile Scrum process, teams often use a whiteboard to draw up an outline of the plan, challenges etc. This helps keep everyone on the same page.
We’re almost there…We’re almost there! Try not to get frustrated just yet. Always try to keep a positive attitude in your workplace and the end result will be worth it!
- Step 6: All members build each sprint. Programming, testing and adjusting the time in order to get the best result.
- Step 7: Everyone reports their results throughout the scrum method. All reports focus on the following issues: aspects of the project that are completed compared with the previous exchange, what they can finish in the next exchange, obstacles, etc.
- Step 8: Summarise the agile scrum process results in a chart. This is a comprehensive overview of what has been done, what they are not able to achieve, estimated time remaining to completion, etc.
- Step 9: When members say the work is completed, they can reject and push back any changes to the next loop.
- Step 10: Review, reflect, and repeat. This is when the sprint review meeting occurs. All members will present what is achieved, customer feedback and consider the duration of the sprint. We will review the chart in step 8 to redefine the entire system and welcome contributions to improve on in the next sprint.